We’ve explained terpenes in a past blog, but we didn’t detail the sheer benefits behind the molecules. This time, we want to get down into the nitty gritty. What are terpenes – and what do they do?
In this guide, we want to highlight all the different terpenes that make an appearance in one or more of our hemp products. You’ll learn even more about the products we try to be so diligently transparent about. Without further ado, let’s dive in!
What are Terpenes?
In short, terpenes are aromatic molecules. They’re responsible for the tastes and smells that vegetables, fruits, and other vegetation gives off. Terpenes are part of a larger group of hydrocarbons that are found in the essential oils of plants.
For the body, terpenes may deliver quite a number of potential benefits.
For your high? Some terpenes can help you feel more relaxed when combined with THC and other cannabinoids. Others may make you feel more focused or even energized. And still, others may provide a more uplifting effect.
Are Terpenes Safe?
Fortunately, terpenes have been around and consumed by humans for centuries. In fact, most terpenes are recognized by the US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) as safe.
We also source our terpenes safely, ensuring every step of the process is transparent and straightforward. That way, you can look forward to the terpene blends we include in each of our hemp-derived products!
What are the Effects of Each Terpene?
Every terpene is unique, so it would be a disservice to lump them all together.
Instead, we want to branch out and discuss the effects of each terpene. These include all the terpenes that go into our hemp-based products. Let’s dive in with the first two!
Alpha-pinene & Beta-pinene
Monoterpenes, alpha-pinene and beta-pinene are two big players among our various full-spectrum hemp products. They’re well-known monoterpenes, and research shows they have a wealth of beneficial effects.
These include neuroprotective, anticonvulsant, cytoprotective, anxiolytic, and gastroprotective effects. But what do these effects actually mean? Let’s break down some of these larger words.
Neuroprotective means effects that can help defend the Central Nervous System in some way.
Anticonvulsants refer to products that help reduce or prevent epileptic fits or other types of convulsions.
Cytoprotective effects typically increase gastric mucus secretion, which can help combat ulcers.
Something anxiolytic helps to reduce anxiety.
Lastly, gastroprotective effects also impact the gastrointestinal system.
Pinene & Linalool
Meanwhile, the base pinene terpene may have similar effects to linalool, according to research.
Together, the two terpenes may help with depression, anxiety, insomnia, cognitive impairment, neuropathic pain, and more.
A series of studies have demonstrated beta-caryophyllene’s array of potential properties. Among them, the terpene serves as a novel therapeutic tool. It may be anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and antioxidant. With such a powerful combination, it’s no wonder it makes us feel so good when its included in hemp products.
Studies show geranyl, also known as geranyl acetate, boasts a number of potential therapeutic properties. The terpene appears to act as a microbial agent for viruses, fungi, and bacteria. It also produces both anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects.
Also called a-phellandrene, alpha-phellandrene may help reduce pain and increase energy levels. It’s a common additive in perfumes and other cosmetic products thanks to its pleasing aroma. In addition, it can be easily absorbed into the skin.
Another powerhouse terpene is limonene. Research shows this terpene may possess gastroprotective, antiviral, antihyperalgesic, antidiabetic, anticancer, antinociceptive, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects.
(Antihyperalgesic and antinociceptive may both help with different types of pain relief.)
Meanwhile, d-limonene is one of the most common terpenes in nature. As a common flavoring agent, it’s found in a variety of baked goods, soft drinks, fruit juices, and even ice cream. The terpene may have gastric acid-neutralizing effects, making it useful for heartburn and GERD. Likewise, it may help with wound healing and may have anti-inflammatory properties.
While less common, humulene still deserves just as much love as some of the more major terpenes. The aromatic molecule could offer relief from digestive disorders, anxiety, depression, and insomnia and may act as an appetite suppressant. It also has mild sedative effects, making it ideal in a formula for the evening.
Similar to others, terpinolene may have antimicrobial properties and deliver antioxidant action. It may even provide insomnia relief to specific users.
Another abundant monoterpene is myrcene. In fact, it’s one of the most common in cannabis strains worldwide. But what’s the benefit of using such a terpene?
Research shows myrcene may have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, antioxidant, and even anti-aging properties. In many animal studies, the terpene’s shown promising health benefits. Overall, it’s a beneficial terpene to include.
Meanwhile, beta-myrcene is used to treat muscle spasms, pain, and insomnia. While it’s a novel therapeutic tool, meaning it’s new, it shows a lot of promise.
Bisabolol & Alpha-bisabolol
Now, these are exciting terpenes. Alpha-bisabolol and bisabolol help stimulate the gastrointestinal tract’s receptors. That helps cause smooth muscle relaxation, aiding in digestion.
They also act on the benzodiazepine receptors in the Central Nervous System, which aids in easing anxiety without the sedative side effects. Talk about a win-win.
With a weak, sweet floral scent, beta-bisabolol has been used in various fragrances for centuries. It’s also likely because it’s perceived to have skin-healing properties. These two factors combined make it an ideal terpene to include in various hemp products.
Citronellol always adds something classy with a clean, fresh, and floral rose scent. Beyond its delightful aroma, though, it may offer an array of health benefits.
Studies show that it might have stimulating, tonic, stomach-relieving, fungicidal, diuretic, deodorant, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antidepressant, and antibacterial effects.
As far as its stimulating effects go, that means you’re likely to feel energized and more focused with Cuitronellol added into the mix.
Camphene is a minty and citrus combination aromatic molecule. Research shows it’s prominently in indica strains. As far as properties go, it may exhibit antifungal, analgesic, antioxidant, antibiotic, and anti-inflammatory effects.
Delta 3 Carene
This terpene is found in some vegetation you may be familiar with, like rosemary, bell pepper, and basil. It’s also found in pine and cedar trees, which accounts for its cedar-like, earthy scent. You may also find it has a lemony, citrusy flavor alongside its unique aroma.
Delta 3 carene serves as an interesting terpene in that it has a trait that allows it to dry out excess bodily fluids. From sweat and mucus to tears, it’s great for drying out your sinuses. That’s a bonus if you have a runny nose!
Aside from its trait, it may be able to stimulate and improve memory, as well as potentially boost bone health. Talk about a jack of all trades!
Last but certainly not least, Guaiol is something of a legend terpene. It’s known as a potent anti-inflammatory, for starters. Then, some research indicates that it has anti-parasitic properties. Meanwhile, additional research looks at its antioxidant capabilities.
In mice, it looks like Guaiol strengthens the effects of chemotherapy and reduces tumors.
Though it’s a lesser-known terpene, Guaiol still deserves the hype. It’s a distinctive scent with rose, fruit, wood, and pine notes. The terpene may also serve as an insect repellent.
Final Thoughts on Our Terpenes
Now that you know what terpenes are and their many uses, you can see that there’s quite a lot to love! There’s a terpene for everything, which is why we use specific blends in our products. We’re excited to offer our customers products that stand out from the crowd by offering a unique entourage effect.